European Court of Human Rights
This is the permanent judicial body which guarantees for all Europeans the rights safeguarded by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The first international court for protection of human rights, it rules on individual or State applications when domestic legal remedies have been exhausted.
Some 50,000 applications are submitted to the European Court of Human Rights every year. In 2017, 63,350 applications were submitted, for an increase of 19%, while 56,250 cases are pending.
Court procedures are currently under reform, within the framework set by the 2012 Brighton Declaration.
Key aspects of the reforms concern measures to be taken by member states towards more effective implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights, strengthening of the principle of subsidiarity of the ECHR, and the introduction of new criteria for the acceptability of applications.